North Carolina Coalition to End Homelessness

Predictors of Exit and Reentry among Family Shelter Users in New York City

This study explores the process of exit from and reentry to public family shelters
for homeless families in New York City. A Cox proportional-hazards model was
developed t identify the effects of demographic, family structure, reason for homelessness,
an time-related variables on the hazard rates for different types of shelter
discharge d shelter reentry. The study specifically explores the significance of
type of housing placement as a predictor variable for shelter reentry. Various demographic
and family structure attributes are linked with shelter exit and reentry,
including race and ethnicity, family size, age of family head, pregnancy status, and
public assistance recipiency status. Although there is a trade-off between length of
shelter stay and type of housing placement at shelter discharge, procuring subsidized
housing is associated with a substantially lower probability of shelter readmission.
Policy impli5ations of these findings and future directions for research on the dynamics
of family Ihomelessness are discussed.
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Ying-Ling Wong
Author: Ying-Ling Wong
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